Children are far more vulnerable to diseases than adults. One reason for this is that they haven´t been exposed to many germs, so they haven´t built immunity against them. Something which adults have already developed.
Also, their central nervous, reproductive, digestive, and immune systems are still in development stage, so they are more vulnerable.
Today we want to give you a detailed guide about the most common illnesses that affect children so that you can take all the necessary precautions to protect your little one.
Some threats can be biological like viruses and bacteria, but children can also be affected by environmental threats like air pollution, inadequate sanitation, insufficient water, and injuries.
Read more about Indoor Air Quality.
You won´t be able to prevent your child from getting ill. By having an understanding of the illnesses when they appear, you will be able to identify them and help your child feel better fast.
The cold is caused by a variety of viruses. We all know the symptoms: runny nose, sore throat, watery eyes, chills, sneezing, mild aches and pains. They are spread in the air when a sick person expulses germs by coughing, sneezing or even just by breathing.
Also, when a healthy person touches a surface that a sick person has coughed or sneezed on and touches her eyes or nose.
Cold viruses enter the body through the nose, they infect a small number of cells in the lining of the nose and that is enough to cause the infection. The main symptoms appear two to three days after that.
Colds usually can last up to two weeks, but if they persist longer than that, they may be allergy-related or they may have led to another respiratory infection.
Here’s a 3 min video that gives you some further advice about this illness:
The respiratory syncytial virus affects the lungs and the symptoms are similar to those of a cold.
However, it strikes harder for certain types of kids, including preemies and children who have a compromised immune system.
This brief report from CNN tells you everything you need to know to have a basic understanding:
Young kids are the main target of the streptococcus bacteria. The classic symptom is throat pain, which can be so severe that they may have trouble swallowing or even talking.
He may develop a fever, swollen lymph nodes, and abdominal pain. See your doctor if you suspect your child has strep.
The flu comes with fever, body aches, and chills, headache, sore throat and cough. This illness often lasts more than a week and can lead to dangerous complications, including pneumonia.
This video from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gives you valuable information to treat the flu:
Ear aches are also a very common illness in young children. They are not themselves infectious, but they are caused by upper respiratory infections. They are spread through contact with respiratory secretions coming from coughing and sneezing.
The ear aches due to inflammation of the middle ear and it is caused by fluid that builds up behind the eardrum. When the ear canal does not drain fluids properly it allows bacteria to grow.
Sometimes doctors give antibiotics to cure this illness but they don’t always work because many organisms are antibiotic resistant and not all infections are bacterial –antibiotics only help cure bacterial infections.